Restoring and Monitoring Lake Superior Coastal Wetland Manoomin

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Tribal partners and organizations across the Lake Superior basin set out to better understand wild rice (manoomin), including where restoration of wild rice should occur and how best to monitor its changes. Wild rice is an important part of the Great Lakes landscape, both ecologically and culturally.


The first step was to convene a workshop that involved Lake Superior tribal communities, tribal agencies, and federal, state, and local partners to identify the issues surrounding wild rice restoration and monitoring efforts. Listening and documenting needs helped the group understand what changes were occurring to the environment, the stressors and impacts on wild rice, and likely areas to start project work. Learning what has worked in the past and what gaps remained helped determine the best approach for moving forward. During the workshop a participatory mapping exercise was completed to help with evaluating past and current environmental conditions and stressors. Combining this information with NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) land cover data and known wild rice site locations helped pinpoint where to focus future data collection and monitoring efforts.


Utilizing the information collected during the workshop and feedback from partners, the following initiatives were formed to help with restoration and monitoring efforts:

  1. Provide funding to tribal communities and tribal agencies to begin work focused on the science of wild rice restoration and improving resilience. Use additional funding to assist with wild rice seed procurement.
  2. Form a manoomin geospatial team to help identify data products available to help with mapping and monitoring of wild rice. Plan for future remote sensing data collection to aid in identifying wild rice on the landscape.
  3. Perform an ecosystem and cultural valuation to document and characterize the perspectives, cultural identity, and value system of the Anishinaabe people with respect to manoomin. Also, analyze and value (quantitative approach desired) the unique ecological values and functions of manoomin waters.
  4. Increase education and outreach to improve awareness about wild rice and provide guidance on how to protect and harvest it. Through the use of educational displays, wild rice camps, and an online wild rice database, make the public aware of this natural and culturally significant resource.
  5. Continue annual workshop series to allow for the exchange of information and look to expand the work outside of the Lake Superior basin and across the Great Lakes.

Stakeholder Engagement Strategies for Participatory Mapping training helps panelists identify current challenges with restoration efforts
Discussion panelists identify the stressors to wild rice and the current challenges with restoration efforts.

C-CAP Regional Land Cover and Change showing wild rice locations around Lake Superior
Six pilot site locations identified for hyperspectral imagery data collection based on partner feedback. Wild rice locations provided by 1854 Treat Authority, Great Lake Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, and Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.